Trade union is a voluntary public association of people who share common interests on the nature of their activities in the workplace, in the service industry, culture, etc. Associations are formed to represent and protect workers’ rights in labor relations, as well as socio-economic interests of its members, with the possibility of a broader representation of employees. Trade unions originated in the XIX century in the struggle of the proletariat against capitalist exploitation. Labor of Trade union’s birthplace is England, where it began to emerge from the middle of XVIII century. Most trade unions in 1899 were jointly called “General Federation of Trade Unions.” In 1868 the Trades Union Congress was formed, which has since been the main coordinating body of the union movement (Swartz, 2003).
Worker self-management is the concept behind trade unions. It is a form of organization of the labor process in which the team itself makes key decisions on the work of the enterprise. Managers (in general, as part of the staff) are completely eliminated by such an enterprise, because, as a rule, they bring the situations in any respective institution that lead to the point of declaration of bankruptcy with the probability of complete layoffs. Here, as a response to a force majeure situation, the team uses a non-trivial bold move. Ignoring instructions from the recognition (or close to one) of bankruptcy, employees continue to work. It would seem that without the management staff working at the organization, the chaos will make everything collapse within a week, an unexpected thing happens. Labor process begins and takes control of the organization’s functioning. Workers self-determine the methods of work, production plans, social security, and in fact, decide about all the current problems.