然而，朱迪可以根据不正当影响的法律提起对他的律师的欺诈案。法理上的不正当影响是一个公平的学说，一个人利用他或她的权力地位优势于另一个人。因为，律师在17岁时就利用了他对Judy的地位，这是少数时代，同样可以被视为欺诈（UCB Corporate Services Ltd. v Williams，2012）。根据不正当影响的法律明确规定，如果顾问通过对另一人的心理控制获得过度的利益，则该案件将被视为欺诈。既然朱迪需要钱来支付大学的学费和费用，而他的律师就是利用了他的情况，那么律师就会被指责。
Mary worked as a volunteer for 2 months. This did not formulate a legal relationship between Mary and the foundation. However, a legal relationship had been formulated later on with an additional term to make payment of 2 months along with a full time payment. Therefore, it can be stated that the foundation is responsible to make payment of $5,000 as she had provided services as well.
Capacity of Minors / Undue Influence
Since, Judy was just 17 years old when he sold his house to a lawyer, he will be counted in minors and according to the law based on capacity of minors, he cannot ratify the contract signed in between him and the lawyer. It is clearly stated under the law of capacity of minors that after attaining the majority, an agreement or contract entered into by an individual at the age of minor cannot be ratified by him or her.
However, Judy can file a case of fraud against his lawyer under the law of undue influence. Undue influence in jurisprudence is an equitable doctrine wherein an individual takes the advantage of his or her position of power over another individual. Since, the lawyer took the advantage of his position over Judy when he was just 17 years old, which is minority age, the same can be considered of fraud (UCB Corporate Services Ltd. v Williams., 2012). It is clearly stated under the law of undue influence, if the advisor gain excessive benefits through psychological domination over another person, the case would be considered fraud. Since, Judy was in need of money to pay her university tuition fees and expenses and his lawyer took the advantage of his situation, the lawyer can be accused.