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爱尔兰通信学论文代写:框架理论

“框架理论”来源于现实的解释从社会学家(塔奇曼,1978;Gamson等人,1992)。它还包括从认知心理学的图式角度(泛kosicki,1993)。事实上,可以说,在50和贝特森出现框架的概念是第一流的学者指出的概念。1955、贝特森定义框架或框架作为一批消息或有意义的行动。它可以是元素的显示,对它有一定的一致性和意义。这些行动包括排他性和包容性元素框架;都因此存在的情况下(Bateson,1972)。而贝特森的框架理论为语境分析的一部分,美国社会学家戈夫曼把它带到文化社会学。这里有更广泛的理解背景。在本书的框架分析:在经验的组织一篇文章,戈夫曼(1974)认为框架的核心要素,是习惯了一个人的认知结构的外。因此,个体通过框架的镜头来看待外部世界。在Goffman(1974)的意见,因此,人的主观认识与对象的符号和原来的没有关系。在这里,连接器是通过传递过程工作的框架。换句话说,框架主导导致客观世界向主观认知的转移。没有框架,就没有可能的转换媒介。也许世界观的日常元素没有主观意识这可能意味着他们在一个非常大的图片,他们会解释为适用于日常元素的感知也否认整体意义,将要分析的元素是必要的。框架,如戈夫曼(1974)指出,来自过去的经验,另一方面。这些经验被用来创造一个镜头或一个解释上下文的新闻是要筛选。另一方面,同样的框架也被当代社会的文化意识所影响。

爱尔兰通信学论文代写:框架理论

The ‘Framing theory’ originates from the interpretation of reality from sociologists (Tuchman, 1978; Gamson et al, 1992). It also incorporates the view of the schema from cognitive psychologists (Pan & Kosicki, 1993). In fact it can be said that the concept of framing appeared after 1950s and Bateson was the first scholar that pointed out the concept. In 1955, Bateson defined for the frame or framing as a batch of message or meaningful actions. It could be a display of elements that will have some consistency and meaning to it. These actions include both the exclusive and inclusive elements in framing; both therefore exist in context (Bateson, 1972). While Bateson’s framing theory was given as part of contextual analysis, the American sociologist Goffman brought it to cultural sociology. Here a wider context for understanding was implicated. In the book ‘Frame analysis: An Essay in the Organization of Experience’, Goffman (1974) claims that the frame is the core element that was to be used to structure an individual’s perception of the outside. The individual therefore views the external world through the lens of frame. In Goffman (1974) opinion therefore, the individuals’ subjective cognition would correlate objects through symbols and the original without relationship. Here the connector is the frame which works through a process of transferring. In other words, frame main lead to objective world transfer to subjective cognition. Without the frame there would be no transference medium possible. The world might view everyday elements without a subjective consciousness of what it might mean to them in a very larger picture, they would interpret everyday elements as it applies to the sense of perception but might deny the overall significance that will be necessary for the elements to be analyzed from. Frame, as Goffman (1974) points out, comes from experience in the past on the one hand. These experiences are used to create a lens or an interpretive context for the news that is to be screened. On the other hand the same framing has also been represented to be influenced by the contemporary time’s socio cultural awareness.