Assignment First


这个讨论所使用的术语制度指的是行动的大致轮廓或分类,或具体的人组织。理性主义和反思性的方法都是国际机构的两部分,它们在世界政治中发挥了重要作用。的确,这两种方法都需要大量的研究和修改[]。在这份报告中,我们将讨论两种方法之间的一些基本区别。根据作者Robert Keohane先生的观点,比较这两种方法的优缺点是很重要的。







The term institution used for this discussion denotes a general outline or classification of action or to a specific man made organization. Both the rationalistic and the reflective approaches are the two parts of international institutions which has got a significant role in world politics. It is true that both the approaches require a lot of study and modification[]. In this report there would be a discussion on some of the basic differences between both approaches. According to the author Mr. Robert Keohane it is important to compare both the approaches so to understand the strengths and weaknesses of both the approaches.

Difference between Rationalistic and Reflective Approaches

As per the rationalistic approach, institutions are regarded as the affecting arrangements of the cost. This means that the institutions lessen the known forms of doubts and make changes in the cost of the deal. So as per rationalistic approach, the international institutions develop to lessen the cost of cooperation so as to ease the mutually useful contracts. Within this approach even in the absence of higher authorities, institutions give all the important and the relevant information and even out the opportunities. They may also make reorganized administration realistic; this means they could create situations where the reciprocity could function. The forte of rationalistic approach is that it gives a brilliant and elaborative description of the fact that how the institutions function.

In world politics, the cost of the deal are never taken as insignificant as with respect to the world politics, it is a tough job to communicate, keep an eye on the performance and specifically enforce agreement with guidelines. So according to this rationalistic approach, the individuals should always presume the presence of international institutions to appear in every situation where the expenses of communication, observation and implementation are low in comparison to the profits which would result from the political discussion. The points missing with rationalist approach is that it does not explain the existing of the international institutions in some issues and not in others. The rationalistic approach also does not give a clear picture about the fact that whether it could be applied analytically to account for the establishment and expiration of institutions.