Assignment First

案例研究代写:生育自主权的存在及伦理意义

生育自主是指人们控制自己生育能力的能力。一个人拥有决定是否生孩子的完全权利,这在医学领域是一种家长式的立场。技术发展表明,人们有权利获得更好的避孕、辅助生殖和遗传咨询。

Rothman之前提到,由于产前诊断,社会上存在着伦理困境。另一方面,哲学家们坚持认为,生育自主权适用于那些对生育和堕胎有明确看法的人,这些人的本性有时是不道德的。亲生父母和社会父母之间存在着巨大的差异。从所作的分析来看,生育自主权有明确的“权利”。这项权利清楚地表明了任何已婚或同居伴侣的道德权利。从女权主义者的角度来看,我们注意到,女权主义者认为这是适当的和鼓励的,因为他们有完全的自由来决定生活的形态,而自主权是完全奉献给他们的。有医疗法律和道德权利来处理生育自主权(尼尔,2002)。虽然这些权利已经存在,但必须注意用户如何行使这些权利。

从伦理的角度来看,生育的权利也确实存在。范伯格还坚持认为,如果孩子的出生恰好是不公平的,并且这干扰了父母的责任,那么孩子就会受到伤害。适用于任何面临生育自主的人的基本条件都列得很清楚。虽然一些哲学家认为生育权并不确切,但生育权确实存在。如果父母能够提供关心和关爱,并且已经在心理上准备要生孩子,那么生孩子就是夫妻双方的权利。如果没有,这是可以避免的(Reefhuis, 2009)。这是适用于它的基本法。


案例研究代写 :生育自主权的存在及伦理意义

Procreative autonomy refers to the ability for people to gain control on the person’s reproductive capabilities. The person possesses the complete right to decide on whether or not to give birth to children and this is a paternalistic stance in the field of medicine. The technological developments have showed people have rights with the availability of improved contraception, assisted reproduction and genetic counselling.

Rothman has earlier mentioned there is an ethical dilemma in the society due to the prenatal diagnosis. On the other hand, philosophers insisted that procreative autonomy is applicable to those who have clear views on the procreation and abortion can sometimes be immoral by nature. There is a great difference between the biological parents and the social parents. From the analysis made, there is a clear ‘right’ to procreative autonomy. The right clearly intimates the moral rights for any married or live – in relationship couples. From the perspective of feminists, it is noted that the feminists find it appropriate and encourage because they have the complete freedom to decide on the shape of the lives and autonomy is totally dedicated to them. There are both medical laws and moral rights to deal with procreative autonomy (Neill, 2002). Although the rights already exist, it is essential to note the ways by which such rights are discharged by the users.
The right to procreate from the ethical perspective does exist too. Feinberg has also insisted that child is harmed if at all the birth happens to be unfair and this interferes the parental responsibility. The basic conditions that are applicable for anyone facing procreative autonomy are clearly listed. Although several philosophers argue that the right to procreate is not exact, the right does exist for the parenthood. If the parent can offer care and affection and is already mentally set to develop a child, then it is the right of the couple to give birth to the child. If not, it can be avoided (Reefhuis, 2009). This is the basic law applied to it.