Assignment First




从伦理的角度来看,生育的权利也确实存在。范伯格还坚持认为,如果孩子的出生恰好是不公平的,并且这干扰了父母的责任,那么孩子就会受到伤害。适用于任何面临生育自主的人的基本条件都列得很清楚。虽然一些哲学家认为生育权并不确切,但生育权确实存在。如果父母能够提供关心和关爱,并且已经在心理上准备要生孩子,那么生孩子就是夫妻双方的权利。如果没有,这是可以避免的(Reefhuis, 2009)。这是适用于它的基本法。

案例研究代写 :生育自主权的存在及伦理意义

Procreative autonomy refers to the ability for people to gain control on the person’s reproductive capabilities. The person possesses the complete right to decide on whether or not to give birth to children and this is a paternalistic stance in the field of medicine. The technological developments have showed people have rights with the availability of improved contraception, assisted reproduction and genetic counselling.

Rothman has earlier mentioned there is an ethical dilemma in the society due to the prenatal diagnosis. On the other hand, philosophers insisted that procreative autonomy is applicable to those who have clear views on the procreation and abortion can sometimes be immoral by nature. There is a great difference between the biological parents and the social parents. From the analysis made, there is a clear ‘right’ to procreative autonomy. The right clearly intimates the moral rights for any married or live – in relationship couples. From the perspective of feminists, it is noted that the feminists find it appropriate and encourage because they have the complete freedom to decide on the shape of the lives and autonomy is totally dedicated to them. There are both medical laws and moral rights to deal with procreative autonomy (Neill, 2002). Although the rights already exist, it is essential to note the ways by which such rights are discharged by the users.
The right to procreate from the ethical perspective does exist too. Feinberg has also insisted that child is harmed if at all the birth happens to be unfair and this interferes the parental responsibility. The basic conditions that are applicable for anyone facing procreative autonomy are clearly listed. Although several philosophers argue that the right to procreate is not exact, the right does exist for the parenthood. If the parent can offer care and affection and is already mentally set to develop a child, then it is the right of the couple to give birth to the child. If not, it can be avoided (Reefhuis, 2009). This is the basic law applied to it.