The traditional approaches to power and control are enabling the successful implementation of various functions of management. Management since past few centuries had undergone systematic investigation and after acquiring a common body of knowledge, it was transformed into a formal discipline of study by managers and other employees of the organization (Alvesson, 2012). In contrast to the earlier managerial approaches that followed the principal of flow of power and control with top to down format has changed and at present it is seen that employees are more knowledgeable and have better ways of performing their jobs in comparison to the managers even. Thus, the present managers must acknowledge the fact that the traditional approach of top-down power and control management style is not appropriate for the employees of present scenario who are capable of managing themselves effectively.
In traditional approaches, the managers were considered as the authorities with power and control over their subordinates. In contrast to those employees of today are more knowledgeable and can effectively manage themselves so need for power and control over them is limited and even diminished. Thus, management in present times is seen as a process in which every stakeholder of the organization can be engaged with some power and control. Earlier the power and control was limited to mangers only but as the time changed the way in which power and control division with responsibility in the organizations has changed (Mullins, 2007). According to traditional approaches for managing the organization in the industrial –age formal hierarchies were followed and the roles of managers were provided with all the power and control and they governed other employees through planning and organizing and with control over their work. Due to this reason, earlier management was considered as a top-down restricted approach.
The contemporary management seeks strategic relationships between all the stakeholders of the organization including partners, suppliers and customers. In this situation where all the parties are working as partners cannot be a one-sided activity with centralized control and power among the managers (Alvesson, 2006).