澳洲论文代写之 Intellectual Property Rights
The intellectual property rights are the special laws created by the government to protect innovators, which was first used in Venice at 1474. It governs patents, copyrights, trade secrets, trade markets, and electronic media. The patent laws have time frame, which means the innovations have the exclusive rights within a certain period. Three conditions must be met to applied for a patent; the first one is non-obviousness, which means it has to be new and unexpected by a person with ordinary skills; the second one is usefulness, measureable in and practical in real life not just for hypothetical use; third the last one, enabling description, stands for people with relevant skills can make innovation. Patent holders can sell patents to other, the profits or royalties in return is the license of patent rights. An exclusive license is a license excludes granting of the license to anyone else by the patent holder. To ensure that people have motivation to make innovations is the main purpose of patent protection. However do the research of the innovation and do invent around the patent is lawful.
Both patents and copyrights provide the innovator with temporary monopoly power. New drugs or designs belong to patent and copyrights use to apply for books, songs, and software programs. Other can make copies under holder’s authorise. Trade secrets are the knowledge that the firm does not disclose to others. Trademarks are brands which can be used to identify products. It can take a key role to bring a bright image to consumers.