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大学申请文书:资本主义市场结构下的版权概念

资本主义与其说是一种市场结构,不如说是一种宗教,对其有效性的质疑招致了尖锐的批评。市场结构说,每个人都有资格采取符合其自身利益的行动,每个人都有资格在法律和宪法范围内以实现自私动机的方式行事。因此,当电子书等版权材料在网上发布时,购买者将通过在线支付在网上销售。因此,出售的电子书可以很容易地以多种格式复制,并可以重新分发和印刷,以更低的价格作为第一批副本出售。这是有可能的,并且正在几个国家发生,这些国家已经看到了原始电子图书出版数量的下降。当涉及到自尊和理解一个人对国家和宪法的责任时,一些人尽管可以获得更便宜的替代品,但还是会购买正版的正版产品,无论价格如何。这只是故事的一部分,但那些在较小的企业中,收入来源有限的人,最终会陷入一丝不苟的做法,将原著转化为副本,并在灰色市场销售。这些产品也被那些有价格意识的人购买,他们正在寻找更便宜的重要信息。因此,对材料或电子书进行版权保护的整个意图在其意义上已经减弱,因为它不能限制复制的形成和复制的发生。这也使得出版商考虑他们付给作者的价格,因为如果电子书很容易被复制,那么付给作者更低的价格是合理的。原版书和正版书的价格也会更低,因为当复制品以更低的价格涌入市场时,将迫使这些原版书立即降价。因此,图书版权是一个困难的概念,需要一个全新的立法来保护创作者的原创内容。

就电影而言,情况要糟糕得多,因为任何新上映的电影都会在网上有一份印刷版,可供下载。资本主义市场体系赋予每个人按照自己的利益行事的权利,使他们更有信心去做最终有利于自己的事情。这种特别的市场自由化正在毁掉那些真正的、持续创造的合法资金来源的合法资金。电影通过在全球范围内运送拷贝而赚钱,但是网上同样数量的拷贝使得版权声明变得多余。同样,版权法也不是世界上所有人都接受作为鼓励各种创造性艺术和作品的最佳方式,因为所有国家都有不同的经历,版权的影响也各不相同。


大学申请文书 :资本主义市场结构下的版权概念

Capitalism is becoming more a religion than a market structure and questioning its validity invites sharp criticism. The market structure says that everyone is eligible for actions which fulfil their own interest and everyone is eligible to act in a way which is fulfilling selfish motives within the domains of the law and the constitution. Thus, when a copyright material such as an e-book is published online, it will be sold online with payments made online by the purchasers. The e-book thus published which is sold can be easily copied in a several formats and can be redistributed and printed to be sold as first duplicates at a much lower price. This is possible and is happening in several countries, which has seen a decline in the access to the original e-book thus published. When it comes to self-esteem and understanding one’s duty towards the country and constitution, some people in spite of having access to cheaper substitutes will go ahead and purchase the original copyrighted products, whatever the price. This is one part of the story, but those who are in smaller business and have restricted sources of income, will eventually dwell into scrupulous practices which converts original books into copies and are sold in the grey market. These products are also bought by people who are price conscious and are looking for important information at cheaper price. So the whole intention of copyrighting a material or an e-book has weakened in its meaning as it is not able to restrict copies to be formed and duplication to happen. This has also made the publishers consider the price they pay to the author because if the e-books will be easily copied it makes sense to pay a lesser price to the author. The price of the original and authentic book will also be less since duplicates when flooding the market at lower prices will force these originals to reduce their prices straightaway. Thus, the copyright in books is a difficult concept and a wholly new legislation will be required to safeguard the creators’ original content.
In case of movies, the scenario is much worst as any new movie being released will have a copy of its print online and available for download. The capitalistic market system gives rights to everyone to act in their own self-interest, making them more confident about doing such things which eventually benefits them. This particular liberalisation of the market is ruining the rightful money from the ones who are genuine and are legitimate source of consistent creation. Movies have been making money by transporting its prints across the globe, but there is an equal number of duplicate reprints available online which make the copyright claims redundant. Again, the copyright law is also not accepted by everyone across the world as the best way of encouraging creative arts and works of various kinds, because all countries have had different experiences and the repercussions of copyrights have been varied.