Assignment First

代筆論文:環境知識與生態系統的相互聯系

地理子鏈內容拓展了學生對可持續發展、相互聯系、環境、空間和地點的理解。內容的重點是可持續性和理解:環境在維持福祉和人類生活中的能力(澳大利亞課程,2015)。生態系統的服務是對人類福祉的直接或間接貢獻。

所選書籍:《生態系統服務:全球問題,本地實踐》,Sander Jacobs, Nicolas Dendoncker, Hans Keune編輯

從書中,研究者和學生可以從五個方面了解到環境知識與生態系統的相互聯系:

生態系統的基礎,這是參考生態系統價值和貨幣價值、生物多樣性和生態系統指標。

概念反思,所有的生態系統知識,研究實踐中的經濟,生物多樣性,地球系統。

關於生態系統的爭論,應該明確如何影響和治理科學、政策制定和生物多樣性。

工具和實踐,生態系統在當地的有效性和如何在未來的發展。

生態系統是實踐的反映。

所有這些知識都是HASS需要學習的。本書涉及一系列問題,能讓讀者了解生態系統服務社區,並提供廣闊的、多學科的視角和知識;研究人員或學生有更多的機會作為一個小組來收集、抽象和重組這五個不同的方面,並學習有關地理、歷史、經濟、公民和公民身份的知識。雖然他們收集這些信息,學生可以做一個演示(協作方法)並反饋他們所學的內容。

The geography sub-strand content extends opportunity in developing understanding of the students related to sustainability, interconnection, environment, space, and place. The focus of the content is on sustainability and understandings: the environment’s capacity in sustaining well-being and human life (Australian curriculum, 2015). The services of ecosystem are the contributions made directly or indirectly for the well-being of the human beings.
Chosen book: “Ecosystem Services: Global Issues, Local Practices”, edited by Sander Jacobs, Nicolas Dendoncker, Hans Keune
From the book, researchers and students can get the interconnect knowledge about the ecosystem between environment knowledge in five aspects:
Ecosystem’s basics, this is reference to the ecosystem valuation and monetary value, biodiversity and ecosystem indicators.
Conceptual reflections, all ecosystem knowledge which are studied for practice in economic, biodiversity, and earth system.
About ecosystem debates, it should be ascertained as to how to impact and governance in science, policy making and biodiversity.
Tool & practices, ecosystem to effective in local place and how to development in the future.
Ecosystem is the reflections from practice.
All these knowledge are needed to study for HASS. The book is relevant with a range of issues and can make reader understand the ecosystem service community and also provide a expansive, multidisciplinary view and knowledge; researcher or students have more chances as group to collect, abstract and reorganize the five different aspects and to learn the knowledge about geography, history, economic, civics and citizenship. Though they collect this information, student can make a presentation (collaborative methodology) and feedback what they have studied.


代筆論文 :環境知識與生態系統的相互聯系

應該探索支持生物和人類的環境功能和特征(互聯,環境)(澳大利亞課程,2015)

人類對自然環境的影響:未來、現在和過去

人類所扮演的角色已經把持久和更微妙的影響作為多維、廣泛和反思的工作。(古迪,2013)

作者對許多類型的人類影響的討論給出了明確的指示。貫穿全書的是各種前人的研究成果。這本書於1981年首次出版,但它仍然對目前發生的大量信息和影響有用,而且必須在未來進行預測。同時,鼓勵研究人員和學生自己收集和更新更多的新的、廣泛的知識和研究。這可以提高他們獨立學習的能力。

這對於研究人員在課堂上的人際、環境互動非常有用。內容是介紹人類對自然態度的發展,涵蓋植被、動物、土壤、水、地貌、氣候和人。這是HASS(4年級)的任務,它關註的是環境、地點、人們在空間和時間上的互動以及這些互動的影響(Australian curriculum, 2015)。

另一方面,教師可以從多維度的知識出發,為單元或單節課制定不同的教學計劃。例如一課關於人類行為傳授植物,一課關註環境和水,動物,一課可以解釋人類之間的生態系統和經濟…因此,這本書闡明了一個偉大的想法和模式,創造更有效的教訓和學習。學生應該提取更多他們需要知道的信息。

There should be exploring of the environmental functions and features supporting living things and humans (interconnection, environment) (Australian curriculum, 2015)
Impact of Human on the Natural Environment: Future, Present, and Past
The role played by humans have put lasting and more subtle influence as multidimensional, broad ranging, and reflective work. (Goudie, 2013)
The author gives clear indication regarding the discussion of many types of human impacts. Throughout the book, it is a variety of previous research. The book was first published in 1981, but it is still useful for massive information and impact what have happened at present, and must be predicted in the future. Meanwhile, it is encouraging for the researchers and students to collect and update more new and hodiernal knowledge and research by themselves. This can improve their ability to study independently.
This is great for researcher in much human, environment interaction in classes. The content is the introduction for the development of human attitude towards nature, and the book covers vegetation, animals, soil, water, geomorphology, climate and people. This is the task of HASS (year 4) that is focused on the environments, place, and people’s interactions over space and time and these interactions’ effects (Australian curriculum, 2015).
On the other hand, from the multidimensional knowledge, teacher can make different lesson plan for the unit or single class. Such as one lesson about behaviour of human impart vegetation, one lesson focus on environment and water, animal, one lesson can explain the human being between ecosystem and economic… So the book illuminates a great of idea and models to create more effective lesson and learning. Students should abstract more information what they need to know.