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代写被抓:企业创新问题的研究背景

在分析企业在创新时依赖什么时,可以从现有的研究角度论证,企业依靠许多东西来创新。正如本研究所理解的那样,依赖意味着受到激励或得到帮助。因此,激励创新或帮助创新的一些因素是组织内部的知识(Birdthistle, 2006)。如果是家族企业,知识可以以参与企业的人员所拥有的形式出现。这可以是知识背景,如他们的研究,将帮助他们管理他们的业务或知识的竞争环境,他们的业务或知识应该在创新的下一步等(Neubauer, & Lank, 1998)。

在创新的背景下,家族企业与普通企业的区别被放在一边,因为家族企业在员工与公司其他股东之间,甚至在与供应商和社区的关系方面,都有更强的纽带。家族实体之间培养了一种强烈的人际关系,这确保了在其他商业结构和形式中通常必须为之努力的信任水平(Ackermann, 2012;艾肯&Hage, 1971)。由于几代人之间的合作,信息流更快更好。这是典型的研究理解,家族企业通常涉及超过一代人。这种持续的参与使得家族企业在过去的几年里产生了一些有趣的想法(Gronum, et al, 2012)。老一辈人的想法更保守,风险更小。他们会有更好的想法来巩固业务。另一方面,年轻一代的想法会更有趣,更多样,更适合那个时代。他们将更加关注什么是当代元素,从而能够为创新带来更新鲜的想法(Craig &Moores, 2006)。两代人都将专注于共同的目标,也因为他们希望公司继续经营下去,因此将鼓励更大规模的沟通和知识共享。此外,对于家族企业来说,当外部变量或内部变量引起变化时,这些企业能够迅速适应和改变。与其他业务结构相比,业务结构通常没有那么复杂,因此需要等待决策,而与其他业务相比,业务结构要复杂得多(Ackermann, 2012)。在研究中也注意到,当商业结构更加复杂时,它会导致更多的决策时间,这可能会阻碍创造性的过程(Le Breton-Miller, and Miller, 2006)。此外,只有在有充分的沟通和反馈的情况下,创造力才会增加或被激发发展。更具体地说,只有当企业能够以一种人们更加开放和相互尊重的沟通结构展现自己时,符合企业需求的创意才会发展。在这种背景下,家族企业被认为有更好的沟通,因为家族企业的规模较小,而且由于这些企业通常具有某种形式的扁平结构。

职场文化对创造力和创新也有影响。虽然这一点在研究中得到了承认,但文化环境或维度的影响研究却不多(Alegre, &Chiva, 2013)。大多数研究集中在小型家族企业如何管理创意和创新,或者文化差异如何影响中国小型企业(Birdthistle, 2006;舒伯特,2010)。对这些不同方面的相关讨论是本研究的动机所在。这项工作的目的在于解决研究上的差距。


代写被抓 :企业创新问题的研究背景

In analyzing for what firms rely on when it comes to innovation, it can be argued from existing research perspectives that firms rely on many things in order to innovate. To rely on, as is understood in this research means to be motivated by or to be helped by. So some of the factors that motivates innovation or helps in innovation would be the knowledge within the organization (Birdthistle, 2006). The knowledge can be in the form of what is possessed by the persons involved in the business if it is a family business. It could be knowledge background such as their studies that would help them manage their business or knowledge on the competitive setting of their business or knowledge on what should be the next step in innovation etc (Neubauer, & Lank, 1998).
In the context of innovations, family businesses are set aside as being different when it comes to normal businesses because family businesses would have stronger ties when it comes between employees and other shareholders of the company, and also even in the way they network with suppliers and communities. There is a strong sense of a person relationship fostered between the family entities and this seals a level of trust that has to usually be worked for in the case of other business structures and forms (Ackermann, 2012; Aiken &Hage, 1971).The information flow is faster and better because of the collaboration formed between the people over the generations. This is from typical research understanding that family businesses are usually involved over more than one generation. This continuous involvement makes the family business have some interesting ideas developed over the years (Gronum, et al, 2012). The older part of the generation will have ideas that are more conservative and less risky. They will have ideas that would ground the business better. On the other hand, the younger generation would have ideas that are more interesting, varied and suited to the time. They will be more focused on what contemporary elements are and hence would be able to bring fresher ideas for innovation (Craig &Moores, 2006). Both generation will focus on common purpose also because they will want the company to stay in business and hence would encourage communication and knowledge sharing on a much larger scale. Furthermore, in the case of a family businesses when there are changes induced either by external variables or by internal variables, these businesses would be able to adapt and change quickly. The business structure is usually very less convoluted compared other business structures hence the need to wait on decisions and more is far lesser compared to other businesses (Ackermann, 2012). Also it has been noticed in research studies that where the business structure is more complex then, it can lead to more time for decision making and this could stunt the creativity process (Le Breton-Miller, and Miller, 2006). Also creativity would increase or be motivated to develop only when there is adequate communication and feedback. More specifically creative ideas as aligned to the needs of the business will develop only when the business is able to present itself in a communication structure where people are more open and respectful of one another. A family run business in this context is seen to have better communication because of smaller sizes of family run businesses and also the since these businesses usually have some form of a flat structure.
The workplace culture also has an impact on creativity and innovation. While this has been acknowledged in research, the effect of cultural environment or dimensions has not been researched much (Alegre, &Chiva, 2013). Most researches focus on how small scale family businesses manage creativity and innovation, or how cultural differences impact on small scale Chinese businesses (Birdthistle, 2006; Schubert, 2010). A connected discussion on these different aspects is the motivation behind this research. It is the research gap, that the work aims to solve.