The discussion above focused on what industrial/employment relation is and how a state plays a key role in defining the relationship between the three agents, employer, employee and government. The influence and its authority on the equilibrium of control among the workforce and the organization were discussed in the third section of the report. To conclude the discussion, it can be safely said that British government is following the hypothesis laid out by Keynesian theory especially in the economic sense as the government finds the market economy unstable. These features tend to highlight the relationship of the employers and employees/unions of the organisation and thus have great effect on the employee relations in organizations overall. Just like employers have better power over employees to set wages and salaries, the power of trade unions can affect the productivity in case a disagreement arises. These disagreements can be detrimental to the company as well as to the labour market. However, with the intervention of the state in the employment relation reforms, the power paradigm is more balanced between the employers and employees (Anon, 2010).
It can therefore be concluded that the government considers employee welfare at the highest degree. And even though the power of trade union has decreased over time, the government still regards welfare of common employee as important. The state has manifested several legal precedents and form of statutes that proves their commitment of their roles in employee relations. It ensures that a level playing field is provided to the industry where there is a symmetric power relation between all agents (Asper, 2001 pp 3).