Iraq has been caught within sectarianism vicious circle which has caused a threat to its democracy. It is not possible to completely understand Iraq’s politics currently without taking into consideration the base of division lying between Kurds, Sunni and Shia. Those who have attempted to play down the sectarianism significance in a properly intended effort without the reinforcement are not likely to gain a proper Iraqi politics understanding. This is because the influence of sectarian and ethnic divisions is on other dynamics of politics. An example can be quoted here that there is violent history and animosity present between 2 essential parties of Kurdish, PUK and KDP. When it is required to deal with the Baghdad government, they help in presenting a united forefront.
The unity of Iraq is tenuous at its best today. Constantly, Kurds seek to expand autonomy limits and the signing contracts to obtain success with main oil organizations are a main step towards independence financially but this is a major threat to Iraq’s unity. The provinces of Sunnis have restlessness and they show jealousy towards Kurdish prerogatives but so far have been unable to secure it. For the government of Maliki, and the predominant supporters of Shia, the key concern lies in maintaining the central government power rather than protecting the minority’s rights.
Under the situation, the problem of small minority groups based rights has gained much less focus and consequently the numbers have dwindled in a rapid manner, as the members selected to be emigrated rather than being insecure. Small minorities are represented officially in the Representatives council wherein the constitution prescribes total number of seats that should be obtained by each. But some individuals speak for the groups with small minority. However, this does not make any difference in a circumstance where there is struggle of large groups for a great share in terms of power. Lip service is paid by Kurds to the minority group rights within the region, especially for the Turkman’s rights that are responsible for constituting a population based sizable percentage of the Kirkuk disputed city. On practical grounds, the large groups fight for themselves with less regard for small minority groups.
In Iraq, sectarianism has enormously complicated the transformation. It has resulted in creating a major tension in the most appropriate periods and the violence is horrifying along with the worst periods based ethnic cleansing. Sectarianism furthermore puts a country at greater risk of being slip up. It has further led towards completing the disregard for the smaller minority group’s rights. But this has become an essential Iraqi politics feature that shows endurance.