Assignment First

代寫論文網站:經濟增長放緩對社會增長的影響

可以說,經濟增長放緩對社會發展和增長的影響是消極的。這是因為經濟增長放緩,主要導致衰退風險加大,居民消費和投資增速放緩,企業實體增長潛力較弱,股市增長潛力較弱,養老金和儲蓄計劃回報率較低。

上面已經討論過,由於住宅投資和消費支出的增長放緩,企業利潤的增長將會更小。考慮到這一點,如果商品價格的另一個上漲周期成為現實,企業利潤增長的放緩可能會減輕(Dehn, 2000)。利潤增長放緩可能導致股市增長潛力減弱,因為利潤是股價走勢的關鍵因素。

股市增長潛力的減弱和利率的降低意味著,未來幾年養老金和儲蓄計劃的回報將會更低。如果工人希望在退休後維持同樣的生活水平,他們將被迫提高儲蓄率,同時降低住宅投資和個人支出收入的分配。目前的下行壓力可能也會因此而加劇。另一個可行的選擇是保持相同的儲蓄率,這意味著工人在工作時可以保持相同的支出速度。但是,在退休時,養老金計劃和儲蓄中可用的資金會更少,因為回報更低。這將迫使可能退休的人削減開支。在這兩種情況下,家庭生命周期中的消費者支出都可能減少。在這種情況下,推遲退休年齡將會帶來巨大的經濟和社會壓力。這被認為是一種可能的解決辦法,它將減少低回報的有害影響,同時也將抵消勞動年齡人口增長較低的影響。

綜上所述,可以說,由於經濟增長放緩,政府、家庭、企業等經濟主體都將面臨負面影響。但是,要確定這些影響的確切範圍是相當困難的。人們相信,通過增加全球貿易和更多地依賴外國需求,可以降低同樣的影響,從而支持經濟增長。但是,這個問題不會局限於一個特定的國家,在一定程度上,大多數國家的增長潛力將面臨下降。因此,可以肯定地說,出口的增長將無法抵消差額。因此,大多數產出潛力下降的結果似乎是不可避免的。


代寫論文網站 :經濟增長放緩對社會增長的影響

t is true to state that the impact lower economic growth has on the development and growth of the society is somewhat negative. This is because of the fact that the lower economic growth mostly results in higher risk of recession, a lower rate of spending and investment by the residents, weak growth potential for the corporate entities, weak growth potential in stock market, lower returns on pension and saving plans.

It has been discussed above that there would be a smaller rise in the corporate profits due to the slower growth in residential investment and consumer spending. Taking this into consideration, if another up cycle of the prices of commodity materializes, the slowdown in the corporate profit growth might be lessened (Dehn, 2000). Slower profit growth might result to a weaker growth potential for the stock market as profits are a key factor in the movement of the stock price.

The mixture of softer growth potential for the stock market and the lower rate of interest imply that the returns on the pension and savings plans would be lower in the upcoming years. Workers would be forced to raise their rate of saving if they wish to maintain the same living standard after retirement, at the same time lowering the allocation of their incomes in residential investment and personal spending. The current downside pressure could be intensified on these components by the same. Another feasible option is to maintain the same rate of saving which would mean that the workers can keep the same spending pace while they work. But, at the time of retirement the funds available in pension plans and savings would be smaller due to the fact that the returns are lower. This would force the possible retirees to cut onto their spending. Consumer spending in both the cases during the lifecycle of a household might be reduced. There would be a considerable financial and social pressure under these conditions to push back the retirement age. This is regarded as a possible solution which would lower the harmful impacts of lesser returns, at the same time would also offset the effect of the lower growth in the working age population.

In conclusion, it can be said that all the agents of the economy like government, households and businesses would face a negative effect due to the lower growth of economy. But, it is quite difficult to pinpoint the exact scope of these impacts. It is believed that the impact of the same could be lowered by increasing global trade and relying more on foreign demand so as to support the growth of the economy. But, this issue won’t be confined to a particular nation and majority of the countries would face fall in the growth potential to some extent. Thus, it would be true to state that exports gains would be unable to offset the shortfall. Hence, majority of the outcomes of lowered potential of output seems to be inevitable.