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代写演讲稿PPT : 经济概念和社会学概念的比较分析

斯密的经济概念和迪尔凯姆的社会学概念在劳动分工的术语上有许多相似之处,也有许多不同之处。在早期,只有两类人。第一个被称为统治阶级,第二个被统治阶级。社会的剧烈变化为资本主义和工业化的概念提供了一席之地。有些社会接受它,而有些社会谴责它。埃米尔·迪尔凯姆和卡尔·马克思都赞成资本主义社会。在马克思看来,在现代社会中起重要作用的更为关键的因素是阶级冲突和劳动分工,这导致了异化。马克思还解释了员工之间的竞争,这种竞争疏远了员工。在这种情况下,工人之间的不平等以及他们为满足个人需求而付出的努力是导致社会分层的最重要因素。

代写演讲稿PPT : 经济概念和社会学概念的比较分析

另一方面,迪尔凯姆运用规范、信仰体系和价值观帮助社会治理人民。因此,在他看来,现代社会意义上的要素与马克思所描述的要素是不同的。迪尔凯姆并不支持马克思,他认为社会应该以有机团结取代机械团结,而马克思则认为机械团结是社会发展的需要。这意味着Max没有关注个人主义或者一个人对其他人的依赖。然而,迪尔凯姆通过解释需要个体依赖的有机团结下的社会凝聚力来定义其需求。

代写演讲稿PPT : 经济概念和社会学概念的比较分析

Economic conception of Smith and sociological conception of Durkheim has several similarities with various differences in the term of the division of labour. In earlier days, there were only two classes of people. First one was called the ruling class and the second one was ruled class. The drastic changes in the societies gave a place for the concept of capitalism and industrialization. Some of societies accept it while some societies condemned it . Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx both were in the favour of capitalist societies. For Marx, the more crucial elements that played an important role in modern societies were class conflict and division of labour, which caused in alienation. Marx also explained about competition between employees, which alienated workers. In this case, inequality among workers and efforts of them to fulfil the personal needs is the most important factor that caused social stratification .

代写演讲稿PPT : 经济概念和社会学概念的比较分析

On the other hand, Durkheim used the norms, belief systems and values, which helped the societies to govern the people . Hence, for him, essential elements in the sense of modern society are different from the element described by Marx. Durkheim did not support the Marx and said that the societies should focus on the organic solidarity in the place of mechanical solidarity, while Max defined the need for mechanical solidarity for the growth of the society. It means that Max did not focus on the individualism or the dependence of one person on other people. However, Durkheim was defined its needs by explaining social cohesion under organic solidarity that needed individual’s dependence.