The third step towards forming a research project is to understand the research philosophy and approach. This often requires the investigators to provide a hypothesis or formally state a particular research problem that they will be focusing in the study. They are also required to provide the means through which the will conduct their study at this point of their research.
The fourth step is to formulate a research design. Formally defined, the research design is associated with transforming the research question into a testing project. It requires the investigator to establish methods to conduct their research, and to clarify how he or she will be collecting information to study their research question or topic. The research design includes two classifications of quantitative and qualitative designs.
The fifth step is to collect the data. This requires the researcher to base their collection method on the classification of their research being qualitative or quantitative. Also, the need of primary and secondary data also determines the methods used to gather information for the study. If the investigator is not basing their research on a previous study, they are more likely to use primary data to conduct their research. This will require them to access methods such as questionnaires, surveys, interviews, and focus groups to gain viable information for their research. If the investigator wishes to pursue secondary data from a study close to their research topic, they can access information from other established studies.
Lastly, the remaining two steps of analyzing the data and writing their report is concluded by carrying out the research by first establishing what the researcher wants to study for their project, gaining information through primary data or secondary sources, and lastly analyzing it by applying various tests on the collected information through the means of software (i.e. SPSS) or formulas.