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加拿大留学论文怎么写:道德评估

职业责任与公司的要求相冲突:此外,在这里,道德的利益冲突并没有得到空间或考虑,这一点在评估中使用的一些排名程序中是显而易见的。举个例子,考虑一下安然公司(Enron)的薪酬是如何针对员工的同事评估的,以及管理层是如何在不分析其业绩的其他因素的情况下,将员工拉出最低级别的,或者是他们在安然公司的工作年限。事实上,这种排名的表现导致了完全不道德的评估,就像在同行评估中一样,人们通常会给别人最低的排名,以确保他们排名靠前。员工们发现自己在攻击和同事一样的员工来保住自己的工作。同行评议不是诚实的回复,但更多的是对同事和员工的抱怨,即使他们不想这样做。虽然这提高了他们在公司的职位,但这与功利主义和义务论是背道而驰的。

加拿大留学论文怎么写:道德评估
现在每个功利主义,一个人的行为是对的或错误的基于对人的行为的影响。这是一种伦理哲学,社会上绝大多数人的幸福将首先被考虑。更优秀的人对大多数人的影响是指导一个人的行动(Moore, 2014)。这样做的行为在道德上是有益的,当一个行为不能确保对大多数人有更大的好处时,那么它就可能在道德上是错误的。现在,在功利主义的例子中,就像在安然的财务人员的业绩评估中,它被打破了。员工们并不担心他们有什么好东西,他们只是担心自己。如果他们能保住自己的工作,他们就会选择接受评估。对彼此进行适当的评价可能会导致一个道德评价体系。然而,由于员工已经陷入了公司的道德问题体系中,因此员工很难以道德的方式处理这个问题(Silverstein, 2013)。

加拿大留学论文怎么写:道德评估

Professional Duty Conflicting with Company Demands: Furthermore, ethical conflicts of interest were not given a space or consideration here, as evident in some of the ranking procedures used in appraisals. As an example, consider how in Enron, compensation was targeted at employees based on their peer evaluations, and how the management just pulled out the employees on the lowest rung without analysing other elements of their performance, or their work years with Enron. In fact, this form of a ranking performance led to complete unethical appraisals, as in peer assessments, people used to give others the lowest rank possible to make sure they were ranked high. Employees found themselves attacking the same employees that they work with as peers to keep their jobs. The peer review was not honest revives, but was more of finding complaints about co-workers and employees had to do it even when they did not want to. While this enhanced their own positions in the company, this goes against both utilitarianism and deontology.

加拿大留学论文怎么写:道德评估

Now per utilitarianism, actions of a person are right or wrong based on the effects the action has on people. It is an ethical philosophy where the happiness of the greatest number of people in society will be considered first. The effect of greater good on the greatest number of people was to guide the action of a person (Moore, 2014). An action that does this will be morally good and when an action does not ensure greater good to the greatest number of people, then it can be morally wrong. Now in the case of utilitarianism, as applied in the performance appraisals of the financial workers in Enron, it is breached. The employees did not worry about most them having something good, and they were only worried about themselves. They made choice to under evaluate their peers if they could keep their jobs. Proper evaluation of each other could have led to an ethical appraisal system. However, since the employees were already caught up in a system of ethical issues in the company, it also made it difficult for the employees to approach the issue in an ethical way (Silverstein, 2013).