本篇论文代写-佛教的基本教义讲了佛陀强调自我努力，并认为这个世界上没有什么可以留给神的干预。他为佛教信徒制定了行为准则，包括不伤害、不偷盗、不破坏生命、不施魔法、不举行仪式或崇拜、禁止使用麻醉品。因此，佛教强调实用的道德，简单的哲学和容易接受的解决人类面临的问题。本篇论文代写文章由英国第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理，供大家参考阅读。
Analysing the four noble truths it can be seen that each truth can be related to the medical science. This is to say that suffering corresponds to illness, cause of suffering relates to diagnosis, end of suffering is the cure and path or the right way is the treatment. Thus, it can be said that it is a very scientific approach and having the cause and effect relation as its basis.
Buddha emphasized on self-effort and argued that nothing in this world can be left to divine intervention. He laid down the rules of conduct for the followers of Buddhism which included non-injury, no stealing, and no destruction of life, no magic, rituals or worship and forbidding use of intoxicants. Thus, Buddhism laid emphasis on practical morality, a simple philosophy and easily acceptable solutions to the problems being faced by mankind.
Sects in Buddhism
The above discussions highlight the basic teachings of Buddhism. Buddhism is further divided into three main sects. These have been discussed below:
Hinayana (The Lesser Wheel)
The followers of Hinayana believed in the original teachings of Buddha. Under this, individual salvation is sought through meditation and self discipline. They condemned idol worship, but does not recognize the existence of god. The purpose of life for the followers of Hinayana sect is to become a perfect saint and not be reborn. Four stages have been identified to become perfect saint. These are as follows:
Stream Enterer: Convert which is attained by overcoming the false beliefs
Once Returner: One who will take rebirth only once? This is attained by diminishing lust, hatred and illusion
Never Returner: One who will reborn in heaven and become perfect saint
Worthy One: The person has attained perfect enlightenment and will never take rebirth.
Mahayana (The Greater Wheel)
The followers of Mahayana believed in the heavenliness of Buddha and salvation is sought through grace and help of Buddha. They patronized idol worship. The most distinctive teaching of Mahayana is that enlighten beings manifest great compassion that is inherent component of enlightenment.A complex array of meditational and devotional practices has been developed in Mahayana sect. The Mahayana doctrine follows deity belief are based on Body of Essence, Body of Bliss and Enjoyment and Body of Transformation
Vajrayana (Vehicle of Thunderbolt)
They believed in acquiring magical powers to attain salvation. It became popular in Eastern India.
Some of the positives that can be associated with Buddhism are that there is no consideration to caste (which was prevalent in India, its country of origin) and also considered women at par. It also repudiated the authority of the rituals. Thus, the Buddhism is more liberal and democratic considering the situation in times it was founded. Also, one of the main contributions of Buddhism is the doctrine of non-violence. However, Buddhism can be considered to be too strict towards self-indulgence and abstract for outsiders. Overall Buddhism preaches leading life in a simple way and particularly attracts those who can ill afford the ascetic lifestyle.