论文代写网-定性研究

| 15-4月-2013 | 英国论文代写

本篇论文代写网-定性研究讲了根据定义,韦氏,一种方法是定义为一个系统的实现某种目的的程序或过程。它指的是基本原理和基础科学研究的基本假设。根据齐克芒德(1996,页101),一个研究可分为不同的类别,进行定量与定性相结合,是本文所要探讨的。本篇论文代写网文章由英国第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

According to the definition by Merriam-Webster, a methodology is defined as a methodical and systematic procedure or process for achieving some objective. It refers to the underlying principle and the basic supposition underlying a scientific study.

According to Zikmund (1996, pp. 101), a research can be divided in various classes, out of which, quantitative and qualitative will be explored in this essay.

Qualitative Research

To bring together a deep know-how of human behaviours, Qualitative researches are used. Questions of why and how are also answered through this kind of research along with what, where and when. Smaller and focused sample sizes are used than large samples.

The benefits foreseen for this type of research include considering the researcher as the most important point in a qualitative research as the researcher’s personal experience and knowledge builds the foundation of the study (Maanen, ed. 1979). Also, the point of view of the researcher is emphasized in the results of the qualitative research because the researcher takes in to account the cultural and social perspective. Lastly, through this type of research, the psychological perspective of mankind can be explained which cannot be represented through a quantitative research.

However, along with the benefits come inclusive some weaknesses with this type of research. Firstly, unlike the quantitative research, this type of research cannot be generalized due to the personalization of the researcher involved and is only valid for that research. Also, the bias of the researcher is hard to control and the research may not be objective.

In regards of qualitative research, the three most common methods of data collection are direct observation, in-depth interviews, and focus groups. All techniques are predominantly suitable for collecting a particular set of data.

Quantitative Research

Quantitative research, according to Hunter et al, is the methodical researchable study of quantitative phenomena and their associations (Hunter, Laura and Erin Leahey. 2008. pp. 290–306). They are done to devise and utilize arithmetical models, premises and hypothesis relevant to the study.

The advantages of conducting a quantitative research include that the results of the study are a resultant of very accurate numbers and thus these results can be generalized. Said differently, the results of quantitative research can be applied to many circumstances because it is impartial (Soltis, 1990). Also, the results are not context bound but universally applicable (Popkewitz, 1984). This is so because mathematical statistical tool are used to analyze data which reduces vagueness and inconsistency that is there in the research.

The disadvantages of a quantitative research are firstly, that it does not take in to account the viewpoint of the researcher while explaining the study. Secondly, this kind of research does not pay any heed to the distinctions to individualities of the subjects. Also, it is often presented as an argument against this method that in this type of research, the researcher cannot remain neutral in order to provide universal value.

In regards of quantitative research, the three most common methods of data collection are secondary data, surveys, and scientific experiment.

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