中国人常常不得不面对反华行为、人身攻击和针对他们的法律(Courtney, 1956)。因此，中国人的经历是美国种族如何形成阶级差异的一个例证。为了抗议中国工人在雪茄行业的就业，萨克拉门托一家雪茄制造公司在1879年的州博览会上制作了一个特殊的“白色标签”，以引起公众的注意。为了“保护自由的白人劳动力不受中国人的竞争”(Takaki, 1989)，中国人民也不得不交税。正如一首诗所言，中国移民清楚地看到，他们受到的压迫不仅是经济上的，也是种族上的:
Post war of Mexico, New Mexico, Nevada, California, Arizona, and Utha were included in the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The Chinese labour was brought to fulfil labour demand at the America’s frontier. Along with constructing the new railroad, these Chinese immigrants were used at fishing and agriculture industries. These immigrants cultivated the swamp in Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta and developed fisheries. Chinese were welcomed initially but many people saw them as the racial, economical and even as moral threat to their lives. China was a poor country, which was populated by the remains of humanity. Their cultural and racial difference set them as a threat to Americans. These Chinese immigrants were even stereotypes as the vice ridden and immoral people who were full of dirt and diseases and were considered unfit to become the citizens of United States.
By the year 1852, Chinese represented about 25% labour of California (Takaki, p.79). As they grew in number, they were trapped between the white labour and struggled for better working conditions. After the civil war, the country was trapped by the recession which led to unemployment in 1870’s. Due to the job scarcity, the white labour, factory workers, miners and field hands, started anti-Chinese movements. The major role was played by the Workingmen’s Party, which was an Irish labour group. They started many “Chinese must go” campaigns. The employees believed that this labour division should persist so that labour could not join together to demand for improved working environment. The employers also made a dual wage system, where the Asian labour was paid less than other ethnic workers (Takaki, 1989).
Often Chinese had to face the anti-Chinese behaviour, physical assaults and laws against them (Courtney, 1956). Thus the experience of Chinese is an illustration of how race can form the difference of class differences in United States. To protest against the employment of Chinese labour in the cigar industry, a cigar making company Sacramento’s made a special “white label” to gain the attention of public in State Fair of 1879. The Chinese people also had to pay the tax to “protect free white labour against competition with Chinese” (Takaki, 1989). The Chinese immigrants clearly witnessed that their oppression was racial as well as economic, as one poem notes:
“I am distressed that we Chinese are detained in this wooden building.
It is actually racial barriers which cause difficulties on Yingtai Island” (Nelson, 2000).