論文檢查集体组织

| 22-5月-2013 | 英国留学常识

論文檢查

Groupthink in Organizations
Applying the concept of groupthink in organizations can be very useful for firms indulging in group discussions and collective decision-making. Janis’ concept of groupthink, in the organizational perspective, means that people in a meeting will stay silent due to the fear of coming in to disagreement with other members. The employees will give greater importance to accepting the decision of the majority as their own rather than extending the meeting discussing and trying to defend their suggestions (Grohol, 2009).
The result of the antecedents and symptoms of groupthink lead to a defective decision-making process. This consensus-driven approach is a consequence of following the groupthink concept (Kamau & Harorimana, 2008). Consensus which is reached not by trying and testing various alternatives but by a lack of differing opinions is a sign of groupthink and could be a threat to effective decision-making in the organization (Jones, 2010). It will pose problems for the organization which are discussed in the next section.
Problems of Groupthink in an organization
The concept of groupthink causes four major problems for the organization to run effectively. The primary socially negative cost of groupthink is the loss of individual creativity, uniqueness and independent thinking (Turner et al, 1998). Other problems that groupthink might pose to the organization are bad decisions due to no opposition, possible alternatives might be overlooked and lastly, profitability is jeopardized.

 

論文檢查

集体组织

集体思维的概念组织应用可以为企业沉迷于小组讨论和集体决策是非常有用的。贾尼斯”概念的群体,在组织的角度来看,是指在一个会议的人会保持沉默,因为害怕来与其他成员的分歧。员工将更加重视接受大多数人的决定为自己而不是延长会议讨论并试图捍卫自己的建议(Grohol,2009)。

对群体思维症状和影响的结果导致一个有缺陷的决策过程。这种共识驱动的方法是由于以下群体思维的概念(卡马乌和harorimana,2008)。共识,并不是尝试和测试各种替代品,但由于缺乏不同意见是群体思维的标志,可以在组织威胁到有效的决策(琼斯,2010)。这将构成,在下一节讨论的组织问题。

在一个组织中的群体思维的问题

集体思维概念的原因为组织有效运行的四大问题。群体思维的主要社会负成本是个体创造力的损失,唯一性和独立思考(Turner et al,1998)。其他群体思维可能会对组织的问题是糟糕的决策,由于没有反对,可能被忽略了,最后,盈利能力受到损害。

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