Assignment First


本章探讨了本研究的研究方法和方法。构建研究框架需要三个关键要素:研究的哲学假设、研究的一般程序和研究的具体程序。研究中的哲学假设是研究中的知识主张。一般程序可称为用于查询的策略,详细的程序是研究的方法(Cresswell, 2003)。本研究采用混合研究方法,进行了初步的数据收集。

本研究以建构主义为研究哲学基础,提出假设知识主张。建构主义是一种方法,其中“在这些作品中确定的假设认为,个人寻求对他们生活和工作的世界的理解。”他们发展他们经验的主观意义——指向特定对象或事物的意义。这些意义是多种多样的和多个,主要研究者寻找复杂的观点而不是缩小的含义分为几类或想法”(Cresswell, 2003年,p . 8)。这种形式的研究的目标是不确定模式探索社交媒体的方式招募参与者可能是一个有效的工具。包括参与者的观点,并对其进行批判性分析,以理解情况的含义,在本例中,即理解参与者如何看待社交媒体,或参与者如何看待EPA的志愿者活动。国际学生的意见和当地学生的意见都是在其产生的社会背景下进行分析的,这有助于更好地了解未来EPA的战略。

混合研究方法采用定性和定量研究方法。定性研究方法是试图回答“为什么”、“如何”或“何时”考虑到现象或情况的各个方面。例如,在本研究中,研究者想知道是什么促使人们参加EAP的志愿者活动,这是一个不作为变量来衡量的问题,但需要用参与者自己的语言来回答,表达他们的态度,个人感受或更多。研究过程通常是灵活的,研究者会基于建构主义的观点提出知识主张。为了证明假设或解决问题而构建的意义或解决方案将在参与者甚至研究人员都是参与者的情况下收集。定量方法是对一个现象的各个方面,如“有多少”(Cresswell, 2003)。例如,在这项研究中,我们想知道有多少参与者使用社交媒体,这是一个数值;同样,社交媒体使用的出现也会是一个数值。定性研究的目的是收集参与者的意义,为研究带来个人价值,而定量研究的目的是确定研究的变量,并分析变量以证明假设。数值方法中的测量和观测在这里起着重要的作用。本研究具有组合作用。这里采用的是混合研究方法,收集定性和定量风格的数据,因此在定量和定量研究实践之间,调查的阶段也会有所不同。


The chapter discusses the research methodology and methods adopted for the research. Three key elements that are required to develop a research framework are the philosophical assumptions of the research, the general procedures of the research and the details procedures of research. The philosophical assumptions made in the research are the knowledge claims made in the research. The general procedures can be termed as the strategies that are being used for enquiry and the detailed procedures are the methods of the research (Cresswell, 2003). The mixed research methodology is adopted for this research and primary data collection is done.
The research philosophy based on which assumption knowledge claims are made in this research is constructivism. Constructivism is an approach where “Assumptions identified in these works hold that individuals seek understanding of the world in which they live and work. They develop subjective meanings of their experiences-meanings directed toward certain objects or things. These meanings are varied and multiple, and leading the researcher to look for the complexity of views rather than narrowing meanings into a few categories or ideas” (Cresswell, 2003, p. 8). The goal of this form of a research is to not identify patterns but to explore ways in which social media could be an effective tool for recruiting participants. The participant views are included and are critically analyzed to understand the meaning of the situation, which in this case is to understand how social media is perceived by participant, or how the volunteer activity with EPA is perceived by the participant. Both international student opinion and local student opinions are analyzed within the social context in which they are created and this enables better insight for futuristic EPA strategies.
The mixed research methodology makes use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research methods are those attempt to answer the ‘why’ or ‘how’ or ‘when’ aspects of a phenomenon or situation under consideration. For instance, in this research, the researcher wants to know what would motivate people towards participating for volunteer activities at EAP, this is one which is nor measured as a variable, but needs to be answered in participants own words, an expression of their attitude, personal feelings or more. The research process is typically flexible and the researcher would be make knowledge claims based on constructivist perspective. The meanings or solutions being constructed towards proving a hypothesis or solving a problem would be collected in context of a phenomenon where the participant and even the researcher is an actor. The quantitative method is one where the aspects of a phenomenon such as ‘how many’ (Cresswell, 2003). For instance, in this research we wanted to know how many participants make use of social media, this would be a numerical value; similarly, the occurrence of social media usage would also be a numerical value. Where the qualitative method aims at collecting participant meaning and bringing personal value into the research, the quantitative research aims to identify variables for study and analyses the variables towards proving a hypothesis. Measurement and observation in numerical methods play a significant role here. This research takes a combinatory role. The mixed research method has been used here where both qualitative and quantitative style data are collected and hence the stages of enquiry would also vary between quantitative and quantitative research practices.