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英国毕业论文怎么写:苏格拉底反对犯错误的统治者

苏格拉底反对统治者有犯错误的倾向,因为他们是人。人们不应该在偶然的基础上混淆劣势和优势。在这个特殊的场景中,遵守法律将成为统治者的劣势。Thrasymachus给出了一个迅速的回应,他说,在严格的定义下,一个犯下错误的统治者不能被视为统治者。因此,已经引入了工匠类比来支持具体主张的想法。错误的根源在于无知,因此,当个人对自己的技能不完全了解时,错误就可能发生。通过对特拉西马库斯的限定,即统治者不能作为统治者犯错误,从而进一步避免了苏格拉底引入的困境。

英国毕业论文怎么写:苏格拉底反对犯错误的统治者

特拉西马库斯从来没有明确同意过这种转变。因此,这样的类比在共同的基础上是站不住脚的。在苏格拉底的推理下,Thrasymachus被激怒了,他进一步以修订版的形式脱口而出了原文。他声称,与正义相比,不公正是更强大和更自由的,因此,它导致了幸福的生活。但是,他以前曾考虑根据某一主题的具体缺点或优点来评价该主题。从本质上说,这个定义似乎是对上一个版本的极大扩展。

英国毕业论文怎么写:苏格拉底反对犯错误的统治者

It has been objected by Socrates that the rulers hold the tendency of making mistakes as they are humans. One should not be creating a confusion of disadvantage in comparison with the advantage on occasional basis. As in this particular scenario, obeying the laws will be working as the disadvantage of the ruler. Thrasymachus gives a prompt response stating that an individual conducting mistake to rule cannot be considered as a ruler under strict definitions. Hence, there has been introduction of craftsman analogy for supporting the specifically claimed idea. Mistakes have strong roots with ignorance and hence, may take place when there is incomplete knowledge among individuals about their craft . The quandary introduced by Socrates is further avoided by the qualification of Thrasymachus that rulers cannot make errors as rulers.

英国毕业论文怎么写:苏格拉底反对犯错误的统治者

Thrasymachus never made an explicit agreement to this particular switch. Hence, on making it, the analogy has no safe position over the mutual ground. Agitated by the reasoning provided by Socrates, Thrasymachus further proceeded for blurting out the original statement in a revised version. It is claimed by him that injustice is stronger and freer in comparison with justice, and hence, it leads towards a happy life . However, previously he considered rating the subject with respect to specific lacking or advantageousness thereof. In the essential sense, this definition appears to be extending the previous version extremely.