Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism are the most prominent religious practices that are followed and have their origin, to a certain extent, in China. This essay pinpoints some of the essential characteristics of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Further the similarities and differences amongst these have been discussed, lastly the justification has been provided for the relevance of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.
Mianzi: It means giving respect to the social status of others. For example giving favours to the weak is an important aspect. In Confucianism mianzi is important and one requires mianzi to accomplish personal goals as mianzi is based on the respect expected from others.
Time Orientation: It has been studied that Confucianism tends to be past oriented rather than present or future oriented. The behaviour is influenced by historical circumstances.
Apart from the above mentioned aspects of Confucianism, the key concepts of Confucianism philosophy are (Tsai, 2005):
- Merging social and political reforms with self cultivation
- Pursuing Dao, the right path
- The ethical system of humanism, righteousness and rules of propriety (Jen-Yi-Li)
- The Wu Lun, five basic human relationships
- Chun Tze, the superior man
These principles have been discussed in the aspects above.