Assignment First

  本篇英国代写论文-自闭症儿童讲了自闭症儿童非常依赖他们的照顾者或父母。教他们基本的生活技能和自我照顾的技巧将使他们在很大程度上独立。自闭症儿童在刷牙、洗澡、穿衣等日常活动中依赖父母或照顾者,他们在自助技能方面表现出严重的障碍。给他们上这些自助技巧的课对他们是有益的。自助技能包括洗澡、乘公共汽车、刷牙、做饭、过马路或购物。自助技能对于不那么独立很重要。本篇英国代写论文文章由英国第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

  The rationale behind the current study is to make autistic children independent. Autistic children are highly dependent on their caregivers or parents. Teaching them basic life skills and self-care tips will make them independent to great extent. Autistic children are dependent on their parents or caregivers for day to day activities such as brushing teeth, taking a shower, dressing up, etc. they show high degree of impairment in self-help skills. Giving them lesson in these self-help skills will be beneficial for them. Self-help skills include taking a shower, riding a bus, brushing your teeth, preparing a meal, crossing the street, or shopping. Self-help skills are important for being less independent.

  Apart from self-help skills, autistic children lack social skills. In a study conducted by Ventola et al, 2014, it was demonstrated that children with autism spectrum disorder have weaker social skills than control group. Social skills include both non-verbal and verbal behaviours that are used for effective communication. Social skill training basically emphasises on behaviour modification. It focuses on learning behaviours which will make autistic children socially competent.

  Also, parents of autistic children want them to be independent and acquire basic self-help skills.

  The goal of the current study is to help the subject to learn how to tie shoe laces. Tying shoe laces is a basic self-help skill.

  Principle of applied behaviour analysis (ABA) has enhanced learning and promoted behaviour change in children with autism spectrum disorder. This system is based on operant conditioning. This technique is effective when there is supportive classroom environment and systematic instructional environment. Environment should be carefully designed. Chaotic, distracting environment can inhibit learning. Apart from environment, the instructional system should be carefully designed to promote learning (Heflin & Alberto, 2001).

  There should be emphasis on methods such as chaining (breaking task into steps), errorless learning, visual support teaching and token economy.

  In chaining, the task is split into smaller tasks. The child accomplishes tasks in stages. There are two types of chaining: forward chaining and backward chaining.