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英国essay:由“新陈代谢”一词所转化的概念

新陈代谢实际上是一个生物学术语,它实际上描述了一个生命体所必需的合成代谢和分解代谢过程。这个表达首次出现在城市社会学家欧内斯特·伯吉斯1925年在《城市》一书中首次发表的文章中。伯吉斯人使用这个词的目的是为了阐明这个过程和城市的改造。这个术语被用来定义城市的景观。之所以使用这个词,是因为城市实际上是一个有机体,它在成长和变化,也经历了一些与解体和重新整合过程有关的自然时期。


英国essay :由“新陈代谢”一词所转化的概念

这一术语除了其生物学内涵外,还被用于一些西方评论家所赋予的佛教价值观的语境中。这反映并强调了与死亡和重生有关的模式。因此,“新陈代谢”可以翻译为“新生”,这实际上意味着更新或再生,并与转化和转世的概念密切相关,如切丽温德尔肯指出。因此,这个术语具有普遍性和科学内涵(黑川,1988)。

代谢学思想的核心是社会和个人之间的重组。代谢物的过程包括城市在“细胞”中解体的过程,这实际上是与打破宗法家庭的相关结构相对应的,也是为了确保日本个体社会地位的加强(Sadler, 2005)。在150年的时间里,另一个历史模型以不对称计划的形式进行了两次扩展,作为与新陈代谢和增长的周期性思想相关的日本传统的例证。


英国essay :由“新陈代谢”一词所转化的概念

Metabolism is actually a biological term which actually gives the description of the anabolic and katabolic processes which are required for a living body. This expression occurred for the very first time in the article by the urban sociologist Ernest Burgess which had been published for the very first time in the year 1925 in the book ‘The city’. This term had been used by the Burgess for the purpose elucidation of the processes and for the purpose of the transformation of the cities. This term had been used in order to define the view of cities. This term had been used because a city actually used as an organism and it grew and changed and also underwent some of the natural periods which had been related to the processes of disintegration and reintegration.


英国essay :由“新陈代谢”一词所转化的概念

This term besides its biological connotation, this term had been used in context of some of the Buddhist values which had been given by the western commentators. This reflected and stressed on the patterns which had been related to the death and the rebirth. ‘Metabolism’ therefore could be translated in the expression Shinchintaisha which actually meant renewal or regeneration and had been closely related to the concepts of transmogrification and those of reincarnation as pointed out by Cherie Wendelken. Thus, the term carried the universal and also a scientific connotation (Kurokawa, 1988).
At the heart of the metabolist thinking, there was the reorganization between a society and the individual. The metabolists process includes the process of dissolution of the city in the ‘cells’ which actually corresponded to the breaking from the patriarchal family related structures and also to ensure strengthening of the position of the individual society of Japan (Sadler, 2005). A yet another historical model had been extended twice over the time period of 150 years, in the form of the asymmetrical plan as a process of exemplification of the Japanese tradition related to the metabolic ad cyclical ideas of growth.