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英国建筑学论文代写:市场失灵背景下的肥胖

肥胖是一个全球性的问题,许多国家,如澳大利亚,正遭受着肥胖流行病。在许多情况下,它实际上上升得更快,因此相关的健康影响也在消耗国库。大量生产加工食品导致食品成本变得相对便宜。这些加工食品含糖量高,脂肪含量高。研究表明,每年可能有多达3万人死于与肥胖相关的疾病。在澳大利亚,就像在其他国家一样,政府和纳税人只能支持这种情况。因此,肥胖是由于生产过剩或大规模生产而导致的市场失灵。


英国建筑学论文代写 :市场失灵背景下的肥胖

现在肥胖作为一种市场失灵的情况被推到了大背景下,因为糖类产品的销售可以被认为是负外部性的原因。虽然有人生产含糖食物,有人消费它,但这对社会是有代价的。基于决策的对社会的影响不是由决定在这里买卖的人支付的。社会所付出的代价是存在的,因为商品对社会的影响大于购买者所支付的价格。在这种市场中,只考虑边际成本和边际效益,不考虑外部性成本。这导致市场效率低下,而效率低下又导致市场失灵。含糖产品的制造商不能控制产品的外部性成本。


英国建筑学论文代写 :市场失灵背景下的肥胖

Obesity is a global problem and many countries such as Australia are suffering because of the obesity epidemic. In many contexts, it is in fact rising faster and as such the related health effects are also costing the exchequer . Mass production of processed food has resulted in the costs of food becoming relatively cheaper. These processed foods are sugary and are high in fat. Studies show that as many as 30,000 people might die every year because of obesity related conditions. In Australia as in other countries, the government and the taxpayer is left supporting the situation. Obesity is hence a market failure that has been pushed into context because of over production or mass production.


英国建筑学论文代写 :市场失灵背景下的肥胖

Now obesity as a market failure situation is pushed into context because of the sales of sugary products which can hence be considered as the cause for the negative externality. Although someone produces the sugary food and someone else consumes it, there is a cost to the society. The decision based impact to society is not paid for by the persons making the decisions to sell and buy here. The cost to society exists because the impact of the good to society is more than what the person buying it pays. In such a market only marginal cost and marginal benefit are considered but not the cost of externality. This results in market inefficiencies and which addressed results in market failure. The manufacturer of the sugary product does not take control of the product’s costs of externality.