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英国金融学论文代写:经济利润

利润指收入的金额,作为产出销售收入与投入产生的机会成本之间的差额。当企业家的收入超过企业生产商品的成本时,这是对企业家冒险能力的回报。利润反映了企业的财务状况,当企业出现利润时,企业负债减少,企业资产增加,导致所有者权益增加(Mongiovi,2011)。它反映了公司未来的投资,在公司没有获利的情况下可能导致灭绝。公司的利润构成了公司支付股息的计算依据。
古典经济学家的焦点在于帮助经济扩张和收缩的因素。另一方面,新古典经济学家则关注个体在经济中的作用方式。
古典经济学家和新古典经济学家的价值理论是不同的。对于古典经济学家来说,一种商品的生产成本等同于商品的价值。相反,在新古典经济学派中,公司生产的商品的价值取决于该商品在市场上的供求(Betz,2014)。因此古典经济学家认为商品的价值是固有的,新古典经济学家的价值被称为知觉财产。对于古典经济学家来说,价值被认为是成本,新古典经济学家把价值看作是效用。根据古典经济学派的经济价值来源于生产过程。因此,企业生产的商品的价值是根据生产这些商品所使用的劳动量来确定的。

英国金融学论文代写:经济利润

Profit refers to the amount received as a difference between the revenue earned out of sales of outputs and the opportunity cost incurred on inputs. It is a reward for the risk taking ability of the entrepreneur when the revenue earned exceeds the costs incurred in the production of goods by the firm. Profits reflect the financial position of the firm as when the firm is incurring profits there is reduction in liabilities of the firm and assets of the firm increases that leads to the increase in the equity of the owner (Mongiovi, 2011). It reflects the future investments of the firm and in case of no profits the firm may lead to extinction. Profits of the firm form the basis for tax computation on which dividends are paid by the firm.
The focus of classical economists is on the factors that help the economy in expansion and contraction. On the other hand, neo-classical economists focus on the ways in which individuals function within an economy.
The theories of value are different for both the classical and neo-classical economists. For classical economists the cost of production of a good is equivalent to the value of the good. On the contrary, in the neo-classical school of economics the value of goods produced by the firm is dependent on the demand and supply of that good in the market (Betz, 2014). Thus the classical economists consider value of the goods as inherent property and the neo-classical economists’ value is termed as the perceived property. For classical economists value is considered as costs and neo-classical economists consider value as utility. Economic value according to the classical school of economics originates form the process of production. Thus the value of the goods produced by the firm is determined on the basis of the quantity of labor used in producing those goods (Smith, 2011).