Exhibition was originated from commodity fair of European trader, in 18th Century people gradually came up with a fair mainly proposed to propaganda and exhibit (Davids, 1999, pp.1-31). ‘The Great Exhibition’ as a historical beginning of new mode of tradition, actually is a result of a long evolutionary process (Davids, 1999,p.1). In 1850 in England, with Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s enthusiastic promotion, the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 formed by government was established to work on build this event (Auerbach, 1999, p28). Only through 18 months of preparation, the Great Exhibition opened on 1st May 1851 in phenomenal success. Among that, the most famous building which specially designed by Joseph Paxton for this event, Crystal Palace, have taken 9 months to build with glass (Auerbach, 1999, p.32). During the exposition, almost all the main country at that time had been invited to attend and bring their representative items to exposit, attracted more than six millions visitors as The Times described “since the creation of the world that all peoples have assembled from all parts of the world and done the common act” (Cited in Auerbach, 1999, p.1). Britain as the host exhibited the advanced industrial products since the Industrial Revolution in this exposition, included Nasmyth’s steam hammer and the Jacquard loom (Davids, 1999, p.144). This spectacle had been widely reported by the press, and Britain had been recognized as the most advanced country on industry at that time as the exhibition aimed.
The visitors had a great environment in their visit. They were provided great amenities. They had tinned food stuffs, an elephant and a locomotive and there was a massive Koh-I-Noor Diamond in the place and a machine to fold the envelope. One of the other interesting elements at the place was the pendulum from the roof in order to demonstrate the process of rotation of the earth (Bennett, 1988).
Over six million people visited the palace in the initial six months. This also included a number of people from abroad. One of the most frequent visitors was Queen Victoria. The people had a great interest in the entire occasion.