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英国留学论文代写哪家好:儿童失踪绑架案

许多社会学家和心理学家认为,媒体和电视的角色在对各种问题进行社会建构方面非常重要。索赔制造者使问题变得更大更复杂。儿童搜寻组织(如儿童财团和亚当沃尔什儿童资源中心)由失踪儿童的父母制作(Best,1987)。亚当沃尔什的父亲成为最明显的失踪儿童十字军。通过“失踪儿童,误导性统计数据”(1988)的研究,贝斯特告诉说,由十字军提供的失踪儿童统计数据比FBI报道的数据高出很多。虽然“失踪儿童”只包括失控儿童和抢夺儿童,但十字军成员经常会在失踪儿童中涉及陌生人绑架。索赔制定者“广泛宣传的建议是,所有父母都应该将识别文件与孩子的照片,牙科记录和指纹一起收集起来,并建议每个孩子都处于危险之中”(Best,1988,p。85)。

英国留学论文代写哪家好:儿童失踪绑架案
道德恐慌是通过在非常广泛的层面上代表失踪儿童的问题而产生的。索赔人开始说,即使在短暂失踪后回家的孩子也应该被包括在失踪的孩子中。因此,在失踪儿童问题的主张和社会建构过程中,不能否认有效媒体。 Steeves和Milford(2015)的研究表明,“人们不会被动地消费媒体信息,正如一些媒体效应文献所暗示的,相反,信息的含义是通过产生信息的人之间的互动来协商或构建的形象和消费者的观众“(第28页)。此外,人们根据这些信息作出自己的理解和观点。在这种情况下,失踪儿童声称制造商和十字军将绑架儿童的问题通过媒体的主张展示得非常投标。然而,与孩子抢劫和失控儿童案件相比,发现与陌生人绑架有关的案件非常少。

英国留学论文代写哪家好:儿童失踪绑架案

Many sociologists and psychologists believe that the role of media and television is very significant in making a social construct about various problems. The claim makers make the problem bigger and complex. The child search organizations (such as Child Fin and the Adam Walsh Child Resource Center) are made by the parents of the children, who go missing (Best, 1987). Adam Walsh’s father becomes the most visible missing child crusader. Through the study “Missing children, misleading statistics” (1988), Best informs that child missing statistics provided by the crusaders was lot higher than what was reported by FBI. Although, “missing children” only encompasses runaway children and child snatching, but crusaders frequently involve stranger abduction in missing children. The claim makers “widely-publicized recommendations that all parents should assemble identification files with their children’s photographs, dental records, and fingerprints and suggested that every child was in danger” (Best, 1988, p. 85).

英国留学论文代写哪家好:儿童失踪绑架案
The moral panic is created by representing the problem of missing children on a very broad level. The claim makers start saying that children, who come home even after brief disappearance, should be included in missing children. Therefore, the effective media cannot be denied in the process of claim making and social construction of a problem like missing children. The study of Steeves and Milford (2015) states that “people do not passively consume the media messages, as implied in some of the media effects literature, instead the meaning of the message is negotiated or constructed by an interaction between the person who produced the image and the audience who consume it” (p. 28). Further, people make their own understanding and perspective according to such messages. This is the situation where missing children claim makers and crusaders display the problem of child abduction as very bid, through their claims in media. However, it is found that cases related to stranger abduction are very less in comparison to cases of child snatching and runaway children.