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英国论文代写:版权法的经济原理分析

消费者以非竞争性的方式享受产品,但当同一产品被允许以较低的边际成本生产时,作者不得对所创造的作品给予任何奖励。人们认为,通过这样做和减少版权法的登记,这类产品的数量和质量将大大低于社会需要的水平,并可能使市场的竞争力低于其他市场。这可能是一种自我毁灭的力量,它会慢慢地使市场退化,导致混乱。这是那些相信版权法将有利于市场的人的一个强有力的假设。引入版权法的目的是在购买产品所获得的短期即时满足感和使用高质量产品所带来的长期持续的满足感之间取得平衡。这是通过向创造者提供经济激励来实现的,这种经济激励促进了一种充满活力、竞争性、创造性、前瞻性和进步的文化。

向创作者提供经济利益一直被视为一种促进复制这种创作高质量作品的习惯的方法,这种创作高质量的作品可以在相当长一段时间内在市场上享有声望。这一假设的成功程度是对这一假设的真正检验,因为任何偏离法律动机的行为都是对法律的严格违反,也会破坏创作者的信誉。我们再次看到,如果没有赋予作品知识产权,创造者和发明家将会也可能不会像他们应该做的那样积极主动。这个假设很奇怪,因为在版权法的保护主义措施出台和形成之前,就已经有产品被自由地发明、创造和销售了。随着随后市场的增长,出现了一个愿望,创作者反对未经授权使用的产品和竞争在同一产品类别。版权法的出台是为了激励那些在很长一段时间内感到受到保护的创作者,并且不会出现未经授权使用该产品的情况。

提供激励的概念是指为提高各个部门的创造质量和数量而收取的一种鼓励费,但当资本主义市场力量按照这样的法律行动时,法律的纯粹意图就没有实现。在资本主义市场中,个人利益是所有行为的基础,任何拥有版权法的公司,如印刷、作者身份和任何工业设计,都将很难抵制或与市场力量竞争,与公司的目标背道而驰。此外,在书籍中,有一个有区别的价格因素,如平装本和精装本,使出版商赚取更多的利润。制作一本书的成本是一种成本,而作者的表达方式是另一种成本,出版商需要再版一本书。除了试图鼓励更多这类发明的经济理论基础之外,这种理论基础也是基于权利的,因为任何拥有自己身体上权利的人,也拥有他们创造的任何东西的权利。这一基础是人权的基础,使每个人都能成为自己创造的合法拥有者,而不论作品在市场上的未来用途。如果通过这种方法考虑,每一项新发明都有资格在一定时期内获得版权。然而,生产出来的产品是否对社会有普遍的好处,社会是否接受它为有版权的材料还有待观察。这很难解释,因为每个人对使用受版权保护的材料都有不同的看法。因此,很难假设所有的版权材料都对社会有益,并且很容易被每个人接受。


英国论文代写 :版权法的经济原理分析

The customers enjoy the products in a non-rival way, but when the same product is allowed to be produced at a low marginal cost, the author may not be given any incentives for the work created. It is assumed that by doing this and reducing the registration of copyright laws, the quantity and quality of such products will fall down drastically below the socially desirable level and will probably make the market less competitive compared to others. This can be a self-destructive force which slowly degrades the market leading to chaos. This is one of the strong assumptions of those who believe that copyright laws will be beneficial for the market. This attempt of introducing copyright law is to strike a balance between short term instant gratification obtained by purchasing a product and the consistent and long term satisfaction for using a quality product. This is done by providing economic incentives for the creators which fosters a culture that is dynamic, competitive, creative, and forward-looking and progressing.
Providing economic profits to the creator has been seen as a way of promoting duplication of such habits of creating works of quality which can enjoy a prestigious position for a substantial period in the market. To what extent is this assumption successful is the real test of this assumption, as any deviation from the motive of the law will be a strict violation of the law and also ruin the credibility of the creator. It is again seen that creators and inventors will and may not be active as much as they should if their work is not given intellectual property rights. Now this assumption is strange because even before the introduction and formation of such kind of protectionist measures of copyright law, there were products being invented and created and marketed freely. With subsequent growth of the market, there came a desire of creators against unauthorised use of the product and competition in the same product category. The copyright law got introduced with incentives to be provided to the creators who would feel protected for a long term period and there will be no unauthorised use of the product.
The idea of providing incentives is something which is an encouragement fee for enhancing the creations quality and quantity in each sector, but when capitalistic market forces act with such laws, the pure intent of the law is not achieved. In a capitalistic market, where self-interest is the basis of all actions, any company having copyright law with it such as printing, authorship, and any industrial designs, it will become difficult for the company to resist or compete the market forces against the company’s objectives. Moreover, in books, there is an element of discriminative prices such as paperback and hardback which enables the publisher to earn more profits. The cost of making a book is one cost and the author’s expression is another cost which makes the publisher reprint copies of a book. Apart from economic rationale which is merely attempting to encourage more such inventions, the rationale is also rights based, as anyone having the right on their own body would have the right on any of their creation. This basis is the human right foundation enabling everyone to be the rightful owner of their own creation, irrespective of the future utility of the work in the market. If considered through such an approach, every new invention would be eligible for getting a copyright for a certain period of time. However, it is to be seen whether the item produced is of general benefit to society and does society accepts it as a copyrighted material. This is difficult to explain as every individual has varied perceptions about the use of copyrighted materials. Thus, it becomes difficult to assume that all copyright materials will be beneficial to society and will be accepted easily by everyone.