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英国论文: 汶川地震等灾害发生原因的讨论分析

灾害被认为是发生频率较低的自然事件,但人们并不这样认为。社会的秩序影响着灾害向灾难的转化。地震等灾害的发生是由于一个社区极度贫困,而另一个社区完全破坏了周围环境的人们自称是发达国家的结果。2008年发生的汶川地震可能是自然和社会的结合(Bankoff, 2010)。

首先,该地区被大量的人占据,超出了原有的能力。这是造成这场悲剧的一个重要原因。另一个原因是人类引起的气候变化,改变了原有的环境栖息地,带来了气候模式的变化。

说到脆弱性,人类和环境都是脆弱的。人类是脆弱的,因为他们缺乏应急准备活动和影响正常生活的持续的人类政策。环境是脆弱的,因为高压力和易感的栖息地的损失在一个轻松。众所周知,汶川是一个大片森林被大量砍伐的地区,为了让移民更安全、更容易地定居下来。


英国论文 : 汶川地震等灾害发生原因的讨论分析

汶川是一个人类发达的国家,但它从来没有面临过任何严重的灾害。这可能减少了对灾难的意识,并在模糊区域快速执行适应技能的需要。换句话说,缺乏技术是另一个原因。这些效率低下也加剧了重建工作的困难。虽然分发了救济物资,但人为造成的紧急情况仍然没有收到适当的应急计划。当影响没有被正确理解时,它显示了另一场灾难发生的可能性,而这些灾难可能是由动态压力造成的。


英国论文 : 汶川地震等灾害发生原因的讨论分析

Hazards are considered to be natural events that happen less frequently but disasters are not regarded so. The ordering of a society influences the transformation of a hazard into disaster. Disasters such as earthquakes occur as a result of self proclaimed developed world by people where one community is under huge poverty and the other community totally abolishes the surrounding. Wenchuan earthquake that took place in 2008 was perhaps a combination of natural and social (Bankoff, 2010).
First of all, the area is occupied by large number of people that is beyond the original capacity. This is one important cause for the tragedy. The other cause is the human induced climate change that altered the original environmental habitat and brought out variations in weather patterns.
Coming to the vulnerability, humans as well as the environment are vulnerable. Humans are vulnerable because of their lack of emergency preparedness activities and continuous human policies that affected normal lives. The environment is vulnerable due to high pressure and susceptibility to loss of habitats at an ease. Wenchuan is known to be a large area where deforestation had happened in large volumes in order to enable migrants to settle safer and easily.


英国论文 : 汶川地震等灾害发生原因的讨论分析

While Wenchuan is a human developed nation, it has not faced any serious disasters in the past. This has probably reduced the need to be aware of disasters and quickly execute adaptation skills in the fuzzy zone. In other words, lack of technologies is yet another reason. These inefficiencies have also added to poor reconstruction. Although relief materials were distributed, the human induced emergencies still did not receive proper contingency plans. When the impact is not rightly understood, it shows the likelihood for yet another disaster to occur and these could probably be because of dynamic pressures.