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英国人力资源学论文代写:垄断案例分析

垄断的一个例子是钻石市场,南非的戴比尔斯。戴比尔斯是南非19世纪80年代建立的垄断结构,垄断了钻石供应。尽管后来在俄罗斯、澳大利亚和印度等国发现了不同的钻石矿藏,但戴比尔斯要么收购生产商,要么与当地政府签订协议。在俄罗斯等一些国家,几乎所有的钻石都由德比尔斯销售。


英国人力资源学论文代写 :垄断案例分析

政府管制试图打破和打倒垄断。例如,在美国,垄断企业是公有的。一些公共垄断企业是美国铁路公司、美国邮局、电力公司,如俄亥俄爱迪生公司等。这些形式的公共垄断企业在一端确实打破了私有化的垄断,但正如研究人员所说,这并没有改变竞争格局。然而,一些价格监管是可能的,因为价格上限可以由政府垄断企业设定。实行价格上限也有帮助,因为它将导致消费者剩余的增加,这有助于控制需求和价格飙升。然而,打破私人垄断的公共垄断仍然有其自身的一些负担,因为这可能会导致一种情况,即政府似乎正在干预市场上的几乎所有活动。存在着腐败和高度政治化的诱因。


英国人力资源学论文代写 :垄断案例分析

An example of a monopoly is the diamond market, De Beers in South Africa. De Beers is a monopolistic structure in South Africa that was created in the 1880s and dominated diamond supply. And although later different diamond deposits were discovered in countries such as Russia, Australia and India, De Beers works to either buy out producers or enters into agreements with the local government. In some countries such as Russia, almost all the diamonds are sold by DeBeers.


英国人力资源学论文代写 :垄断案例分析

Government regulation attempts to break and bring down monopolization. For instance, in the United States, the monopolies are owned publicly. Some of the public monopolies are that of Amtrak, United States post office, electric companies such as the Ohio Edison etc. These forms of public owned monopolies at one end does break up the monopolies of privatization however as researchers argue, it does not change the competitive scenario. However, some amount of price regulation is possible because a price ceiling could be set by the government monopolies. Imposing a price cap is also helpful as it will lead to the increase of consumer surplus and this helps in controlling demand and controlling price surges. Nevertheless, public monopolies which break up the private ones still carry some deadweight of their own, as it might lead to a situation where it would appear that the government is interfering with almost every activity in the market. Incentives for corruption and high politicization are present.