Assignment First

英國碩士論文:最終消費開支組成

最終消費解釋了消費者為滿足個人需求而購買的商品和服務,以及政府為滿足社會集體需求而購買的商品和服務。政府的最終支出包括國防、非國防、國家和地方的消費支出。澳大利亞2009年至2016年的“政府一般最終消費支出”和“家庭最終消費支出”以及最終消費支出見表1(附錄)。


英國碩士論文 :最終消費開支組成

最終消費支出各組成部分的趨勢如下圖所示。兩個部件的運動幾乎代表了一條向上的直線。這表明,“政府最終消費支出”和“居民消費支出”逐年上升,沒有出現下降或波動。同樣重要的是,政府消費支出明顯低於家庭最終消費。事實上,中國家庭每年的消費支出幾乎是政府的三倍。


英國碩士論文 :最終消費開支組成

The final consumption explains the goods and services purchased by consumers to satisfy their personal needs and purchase made by government to satisfy the collective needs of the community . The government’s final expenditure involves national consumption expenditure on defence, non-defence and state and local consumption expenditure . The “general government final consumption expenses” and “household final consumption expenses” of Australia from the year 2009 to 2016 along with the final consumption expenditure are presented in the Table 1 (Appendix).


英國碩士論文 :最終消費開支組成

The trend of each component of final consumption expenditure is represented in the following diagram. Movement of both components represents almost a straight line going in the upward direction. This indicates that “government final consumption expenditure” and “household consumption expenditure” has risen each year without any fall or fluctuations. It is also important to note that government consumption expenditure is significantly lower than the household final consumption. In fact, the household consumption expenditure is almost thrice than the government counterpart every year.