警察,是最不同的执法机构委托,在少年司法制度中起着重要的作用。配备机动设备援助他们,警察在前面的第一印象的年轻罪犯对决策过程产生重大影响。自由裁量权需要选择的自由,给警察和其他刑事司法实践的人决定用最少的法律要求。青年刑事司法等青少年罪犯的行为描述法外交易分析、恢复和结算,通过使用警告,警告和建议(YCJA,2002年,美国6 – 9)。
This research proposal explores how criminologists conduct research pertaining to the offenses committed by young adults and the effect police discretion has on them. The aim of this article is to establish how police discretion affects apprehended young offenders as well as the factors that have an impact on the decision of police in Canada. In this regard, National statistical data as well as interview data has been used involving the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) and the Incident-Based Uniform Crime Report Survey (UCRII) from 2005 to 2013. These surveys are evaluated so as to ascertain the difference of police practicing discretion with young offender.
The judiciary system of Canada has laws to deal with crimes such as robbery, murder, or other illegal activities that threatens and challenges the security and comfort of the society. A special system of justice to deal with young offenders between the ages of 12 and 17 is also present. This system to implement juvenile justice is more inclined towards using the restorative model philosophy, which prefers recuperation over confinement. It is characterized unequivocally by the use of police discretion and rerouting programs in order to curtail imprisonment as much as possible.
Police, being the most distinct delegate of law enforcement agencies, plays an important role in the juvenile judicial system. Armed with discretionary devices to aid them, the very first impression of a police officer in front of any young offender has a major impact on decision process. Discretion entails the freedom of choice that is given to police and other people who practice criminal justice to decide a case with minimum amount of legal requirement. The Youth Criminal Justice Act describes the extrajudicial dealings for adolescent offenders such as analysis, restoration and settlement, by using warnings, admonitions and recommendations (YCJA, 2002, S. 6-9).