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英国中兰开夏大学代写:宏观经济学

当房地产价格下降时,企业和个人的投资将是较低的价值,因此信心水平下降。因此,将有较低的投资,因此总需求将左移。
因此,将有更高的出口和较低的进口。净出口值相对较高。总需求将增加,因此曲线将转移到右边。
衡量经济增长的方法有很多。最常用的方法之一是“估计实际GDP季度增长年率”(加拿大银行,n.d.)。这一估计显示了不同地区的GDP的变化,但每年复合。这是经常被媒体,因为它看起来到最近的趋势,并以更快的方式。任何问题都可以迅速参加,如果趋势是早期发现。虽然这说明近年来的经济发展更准确,这也是多变的,由于奇异事件如劳资纠纷的冲击,等具体的季度(加拿大银行,n.d.)。当一个国家的经济增长连续两负区,它被称为经济衰退(吉莱斯皮,2014,p.428)。
不,市场经济体系不稳定和需要监控,因为有许多因素如技术信息、利率、汇率、期望、竞争、等决定总需求和总供给,从而影响经济的循环流动模型。如果没有被监控和控制,经济增长就无法实现。
作为消费者不花钱,消费支出将下降导致总支出下降(Tucker,2012,p.236)。因此将有较低的国内生产总值水平。然而,由于消费者偿还债务,这笔钱将借由其他消费者或企业使用,这将提高投资支出(Tucker,2012,p.222),从而导致更高的GDP。因此,储蓄和投资增加,而消费只在短期内减少。因此,从长远来看,均衡生产总值将在短期内减少和改善。
在私人投资支出持续增加的情况下,均衡的GDP水平也会提高,因为企业看好他们的投资和他们的信心,导致更高的资产,收购技术等,从而提高生产效率,从而导致更高的GDP水平(Tucker,2012,p.262)。

英国中兰开夏大学代写:宏观经济学

When the real estate prices fall, the investments of businesses and individuals will be of lower worth and hence the confidence levels decrease. So there will be lower investments and hence the aggregate demand will shift left.

As a result, there will be higher exports and lower imports. Net exports will be higher in value comparatively. Aggregate demand will increase and hence the curve will shift to the right.

There are many ways to measure the economic growth. One of the most common ways to estimate real GDP is “quarterly growth at an annual rate” (Bank of Canada, n.d.). This estimate shows the change in GDP over different quarters, but compounded annually. This is frequently by media, since it looks into recent trends and in a quicker manner. Any issues can be attended quickly, if the trend is detected earlier. Though it illustrates recent economic developments more accurately, it is also volatile, owing to the impact of singular events such as labour disputes, etc during a specific quarter (Bank of Canada, n.d.). When a country has two successive negative quarters of economic growth, it is called recession (Gillespie, 2014, p.428).

No, a market-based economic system is not self-stabilizing and needs to be monitored, because there are many factors such as technological information, interest rates, exchange rates, expectations, competition, etc that determines the aggregate demand and supply, which can impact the circular flow model of economy. If it is not monitored and controlled, economic growth cannot be achieved.

As consumers do not spend, consumption expenditures will fall leading to a drop in the aggregate expenditures (Tucker, 2012, p.236). So there will be lower GDP level. However, since consumers are paying off debts, this money will be borrowed and used by other consumers or businesses, which will improve investment expenditures (Tucker, 2012, p.222), thus leading to a higher GDP. As a result, savings and investments increase, whereas consumption decreases only in the short term. So the equilibrium GDP will reduce in the short run and improved in the long run.

In case of a sustained increase in private investment spending, the equilibrium GDP level will increase, because businesses are optimistic of their investments and their confidence leads to higher acquisitions in assets, technology, etc, which will improve efficiency in production, thus leading to a higher GDP levels (Tucker, 2012, p.262).