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英文论文网:英国退欧为提振经济做的措施

2016年6月23日,英国举行脱欧公投。结果支持英国退欧。许多经济学家担心英国退欧对经济的影响。由于市场对公投结果的反应,英镑兑美元汇率跌至1985年以来的最低水平。下降后停止了英格兰银行宣布准备£2500亿的额外资金,以确保稳定的市场份额。英国失去了AAA信用评级,这将导致未来政府借贷成本上升。

英文论文网:英国退欧为提振经济做的措施

为提振经济和信心,英国央行宣布了以下措施:

将基准利率从早些时候的0.5%降至0.25%。这是自2009年以来的最低纪录,也是首次降息;

£1000亿计划,迫使银行通过对企业和家庭通过贷款增长率接近0.25%的基准利率。

回购£600亿的英国政府债券和£100亿的公司债券增加市场流动性,增加开支。

英文论文网:英国退欧为提振经济做的措施

On 23rd of June 2016, a referendum was held in Britain regarding the British exit from EU- Brexit. The result was in favour of the Brexit. Many economists feared the implications of the Brexit on the economy. Pound depreciated against the dollar to its lowest level since 1985 as the market reacted to the result of the referendum. The plunge halted after Bank of England’s announcement that it was ready with £250bn extra funds to ensure the stability of the market. Britain lost its AAA credit rating which will cause increase in cost of Government borrowing going forward.

英文论文网:英国退欧为提振经济做的措施

In order to boost the economy and confidence, the Bank of England has announced following measures:
Reducing the base rate to 0.25% from 0.5% earlier. This is a record low and first cut since 2009;
£100Bn scheme to force banks to pass this benefit to businesses and the households by lending them at a rate close to the base rate of 0.25%.
Buying back of £60Bn of UK government bonds and £10Bn of corporate bonds to increase liquidity in the market and increase spending.